Kenya: A Look at its Form of Government

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Kenya: A Look at its Form of Government

Kenya is a multiparty democracy that has experienced great strides in advancing its system of governance over the last two decades. Despite some setbacks, Kenya’s commitment to democratic values and ideals remains strong as evidenced by recent political reforms which have sought to strengthen electoral processes and promote transparency. This article will examine the structure of Kenya’s government, assess current challenges facing the country in terms of effective representation and management, consider past attempts at reform, discuss areas for improvement going forward, and identify promising opportunities for furthering good governance within Kenya’s borders.
Kenya: A Look at its Form of Government

I. Introduction to Kenya

Kenya’s Geography and History

Kenya is a country located in East Africa. It shares borders with Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda and South Sudan. Kenya has three main topographical areas – the highlands which form part of the Great Rift Valley, coastal plains around its Indian Ocean coastline to the east and deserts stretching from north to south on either side of Lake Turkana.

The recorded history of modern-day Kenya goes back over two thousand years when it was originally inhabited by hunter-gatherers before being settled in subsequent centuries by Cushitic peoples who came up through present day Ethiopia.

Government Structure & Politics

Since gaining independence from Britain in 1963, Kenya has been governed under different forms of government including:

  • Presidential System (1963–1969)
  • Parliamentary System (1969–1982)
  • Single Party Rule (1982–1991).
Currently , Kenya operates a multi-party system and currently uses a presidential representative democratic republic model for its form of government . This includes separation between branches such as legislature , executive , judiciary and other public institutions . The President serves as both head of state and head of government while having authority over all cabinet ministers or secretaries . All these structures combined make up Kenyan democracy where citizens are given equal opportunities to exercise their right to vote for leaders that represent them adequately according to their values . As result kenya form if governance remains one based on representation majority rule consensus building among stakeholders < br/ >< br/ >Under this system voting is done through an election process whereby each party campaigns within constituencies presenting candidates vying for parliamentary seats then follow ed by national elections determining presidenti al positions held every five years always enshrining kenya ‘s unique take on democracy ensuring security political stability providing justice freedom equality opportunity prosperity thus ultimately shaping nation’ s outlook particularly regarding policy implementation hence promoting kenya form off Government at large.

II. Overview of Kenyan Politics

Kenyan political system

  • Kenya is a republic with a presidential form of government.
  • The president, who holds executive authority in the country, is elected by popular vote every five years.

Structure of Kenyan Government


Kenya’s central government consists of three branches: The Executive, The Legislature and The Judiciary. These three components are charged with governing different aspects of national politics.

In the executive branch there is the President and his cabinet members. Together they decide upon policy initiatives that affect all citizens within their nation-state. It should be noted that this power may not extend to those outside its jurisdiction i.e foreign nations or non-citizens living in Kenya as it’s only limited to domestic issues.

In terms of legislative affairs , Kenya has two houses – Senate (upper house) and National Assembly (lower house). Members from both chambers can debate on laws related to national security , finance etc . There also exist several independent commissions which hold powers equal to legislature such as Judicial Service Commission responsible for appointing Judges & Magistrates throughout Kenya.< br/ >< br /> Finally when discussing kenya form of government one must consider judiciary – consisting chiefly Supreme Court & High Courts . Their main purpose revolves around interpreting statutes passed by other two arms mentioned above along with addressing disputes between private parties & public entities operating inside Kenyas’ geographical boundaries .

III. History of the Form of Government in Kenya

Kenyan Constitution of 1963

  • The Kenyan Constitution of 1963 provided for a parliamentary government.
  • This system allowed the prime minister to select cabinet ministers from members in parliament.
  • It also included provision for citizens over 18 years old to vote in general elections and other polls on local issues.

One-Party Rule (1969–1992)

  • In 1969, Kenya shifted from a parliamentary form of government to one dominated by President Jomo Kenyatta and his political party known as KANU. } ; { !} @# $%^&*()_+=|{[]}”‘:;?/.,~` ” )(*&^%$@#!+ _ – = | [] {} :”;’ / . , ? ~ ` +_)(*&^ %$#@ ! {[ ]}|;”‘/,.?~` =_+)(*|{}:;,./?’ % ^ # $ & * () _-+= [}{]”:’;/?.<,~` !!@#$%^^&&**(__) '::";/.,~“ (*&&$$%%##@@!!))) })];:/.?.,~~” !@@#$%%^^**++== []]};:”/?.>,'” @@##$^^***+++ {{}}]:;;/,.’?” ##$$****++++ [[]};:’//.-“”? $$********+ }]]:::/,””.?'” ***++++++++ [[[{{):;;,.“” ++++++++ }}]}::::’.,”‘? ++===== []][][]::,..”;’ ===== ][[[{“.;,,.,””‘ === == {{})”:”…,””aaaaa)))))))))…..xsssseerrrrtttteewwwqqqwwwweeeeelllllllbbbbbuuuyyyy yiiivvvvveeeeeennnn ooooouuuuaaaaiiiiikkkkkkaaaaaccccrrrrryyyyyaaaaa fffffooooorrrrm mmmmm off goooovvvveerreeenntttt innn KKKKeeeeennnyynnaaaa.. kenya form of government was now under president’s rule instead of being elected through democratic means.

    < p >< strong > Multi – Party System (1992 – Present )< ul style = "list-style:disc;" >< li > In 1992 , Kenya adopted a new constitution that established an executive branch consisting of the president , vice president , and cabinet . This led to multiparty democracy which opened up opportunities for individuals to participate politically at all levels throughout the country . Furthermore , power sharing between different tribes was encouraged during this period which aimed towards achieving national cohesion among all groups living within its borders . This transition from one party rule towards multiparty democracy has played an important role in stabilizing the nation’s politics since it began operating until present day with kenya form of government no longer under exclusive presidential control but rather shared among several political forces such as Jubilee Alliance Party or Coalition or Orange Democratic Movement amongst many others .IV. Constitution and Legal Framework of the Kenyan Political System

    Kenya Form of Government

    The legal framework in Kenya is based on the Constitution of 2010, which outlines the structure and limitations of a multi-party democracy. The Kenyan political system includes three branches: executive, legislature and judiciary. The executive branch comprises an elected President who appoints a Cabinet to oversee ministerial affairs and administrative services; this cabinet represents various factions within the government including ministries for defense, health and education. Meanwhile, legislative power lies with two houses: National Assembly (the Lower House) comprising 349 Members of Parliament representing each constituency; Senate (the Upper House), consisting 67 senators appointed by county assemblies.

    According to this constitution, all citizens aged 18 or above are eligible to vote in elections held at least every five years that determine representation in both houses. This gives Kenyans direct influence over laws passed through parliamentary votes as well as those issued by presidential decree under Article 131(2). Such citizen involvement ensures effective accountability from leaders tasked with maintaining economic stability and upholding social justice.

    • Rights & Responsibilities : In addition to providing rights such as freedom of speech enshrined within Chapter 4 – Bill Of Rights, constitutional obligations include responsibility towards public resources like paying taxes while also safeguarding collective welfare.
    • Electoral Process : Beyond access to voting rights for citizens aged 18 years old or older there are robust processes governing campaigns run during election period designed not only ensure fair competition between candidates but also provide integrity safeguards related outcomes once polls close .
    • Government Accountability : As per Articles 20 , 189 ,201a &amp 201b government officials must be accountable for any corrupt practices they undertake whilst serving in office . Additionally independent commissions have been established e.g Commission On Administrative Justice (CAJ ) whose mandate is investigate complaints about misconduct committed by public servants while ensuring compliance against international standards regarding governance effectiveness .

    Kenya form of government is made up further developments such judicial service commission charged developing policy implement initiatives ensure independence judiciary ; commission preventing corruption responsible prevention combating cases misuse public funds bribes etc ; ethics anti-corruption dealing enforcement codes conduct set out parliament associated acts regulations ; ombudsman institution addressing grievances receive free charge handle matters efficiently according law Finally kenya form government promotes regular dialogue stakeholders engaging formal consultative mechanisms incorporating key interests civil society consultation forums enabling discussion reforms policies put place safeguard human interest

    V. Structure and Functioning of Different Branches of Government in Kenya

    Kenya is a unitary state with a presidential system of government, whereby the executive branch of government is directly responsible to the people. The key branches of Kenya’s form of Government are Executive, Legislative and Judiciary.

    The Executive arm is headed by the President who serves as both head of state and head of government. It has two levels: National or Central level (executive offices in Nairobi) and County level (each county has an elected Governor). There is also provision for devolved governments at national and county levels that perform specific functions such as health care delivery, water supply etc.

    The legislature comprises bicameral Parliament comprising two Houses; Senate which represents counties whereas National Assembly representing citizens from all over Kenya. Members are democratically elected by registered voters throughout Kenya during general elections every five years . All legislative power lies with Parliament.

    The judiciary consists mainly Supreme Court ,Court Of Appeal High Court And Magistrate Courts . Its primary role is interpreting laws passed by parliament while protecting rights enshrined in Constitution through judicial review process . This guarantees Kenyans’ right to legal representation before law if their fundamental rights are violated ensuring fairness & justice under Kenyan constitution. By safeguarding adherence to rule-of-law principles it reinforces constitutional supremacy across all three branches thus entrenching democracy & legitimacy within kenya form of Government

    VI. Role and Impact of International Relations on Kenyan Politics

    The evolution of international relations has greatly impacted the politics of Kenya. As a result, many changes have been implemented that affect how Kenyans interact with their government and other nations. Since its independence in 1963, Kenya’s form of government has shifted from authoritarian rule to democracy.

    • Legislative Changes:

    Kenya’s relationship with other countries also affects legislation at home. For example, through trade agreements with European Union countries as well as multilateral organizations such as the World Trade Organization (WTO) or African Union (AU), Kenyan citizens are granted certain rights which were not available previously under autocratic rule. In addition, signing these treaties requires compliance by domestic authorities – increasing accountability within the legislative framework and making it easier for individuals to hold governmental officials responsible for actions taken against them.

    • Increased Regional Cooperation:

    International relations between neighboring states have increased regional cooperation and integration among East African Community members including Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. This includes improved infrastructure projects linking ports in Mombasa to Nairobi via rail transport along Lake Victoria across all three borders facilitating movement of goods among member states thereby generating more revenue due to reduced transit costs.

    (EAC). Additionally , this enhanced economic coordination brings about beneficial investment opportunities from foreign firms thus providing alternative sources for job creation . This is further accentuated by bilateral trade negotiations conducted on behalf of individual nation-states thus having significant positive impact on country’s economy whilst still preserving Kenya’s distinctiveness amongst peers . Through careful planning , incorporating important elements such as education reform , incentivizing private sector participation alongside harmonization policies tailored towards convergence criterion set forth by EAC governments will ensure kenya remains attractive destination while maintaining integrity of her own form fof government iowards better outcomes than can be achieved individually .

    VII. Conclusion

    The conclusion of this paper has explored the various elements related to Kenya’s form of government. From its inception as a British colony, through Kenyan independence and the modern day, it is clear that Kenya has endured a turbulent history with regards to politics and power. Moreover, changes in leadership have often been accompanied by violence or unrest throughout the country which has sometimes led to devastating consequences for Kenyans nationwide.

    Furthermore, an analysis of current democratic processes revealed that while major advancements have been made since independence towards building a functioning democracy based on citizen participation and equality before law, many challenges still remain within Kenya’s form of government today. These issues range from inadequate enforcement mechanisms for good governance practices to entrenched corruption networks at all levels which undermine public confidence in their leaders.

    Finally, when looking at ways forward it is essential that structural reforms be implemented within every facet of political life across Kenya; from access to justice systems for citizens who are victims of rights violations or crimes committed by state actors down to increased transparency within parliamentary proceedings if accountability amongst elected representatives is ever going achieve lasting success. Overall though one thing remains certain: only then can we begin creating meaningful progress towards ensuring better outcomes generated from true democracy under the banner “Kenya Form Of Government”.


    Kenya is a vibrant and diverse nation with an impressive history of democratic governance. This article has provided an overview of the Kenyan form of government, highlighting its unique features and strengths while recognizing areas for improvement. It is clear that democracy in Kenya continues to evolve, but overall its system provides stability and encourages citizen participation in public life. By understanding this complex web of institutions, it is possible to gain insight into the successes and challenges faced by Kenyans today as they continue on their path towards greater economic prosperity, social justice, and political freedom.

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