Tracing Africa’s Founding: A Historical Overview

8 mins read
Tracing Africa’s Founding: A Historical Overview

Africa is a continent steeped in history and tradition, making it an intriguing topic for exploration. This article will explore the origins of African culture by providing a historical overview of Africa’s founding. By studying significant events from ancient to modern times, this article seeks to shed light on the unique contributions that have shaped what we know today as Africa. In doing so, this paper aims to not only inform readers about African history but also allow them to gain insight into its current state and potential future trajectory. Through considering evidence from archaeological records, religious texts, political writings and oral histories, this piece intends to provide an informed perspective on how cultures throughout time have combined together in order create the diverse identity that is recognized across the globe today as “African”.

I. Introduction

History of Africa
Africa is a continent steeped in history and the roots of many modern cultures. Evidence suggests that people have inhabited this area for millions of years, with archaeological finds pointing to human life going back 200,000 years.

Since then African countries have been highly influential throughout its development; it’s estimated that when Africa was founded over three thousand languages are spoken across the continent! It has hosted multiple civilisations including Ancient Egypt and Nubia during antiquity. This rich cultural heritage was only further enriched by its subsequent colonial period under Europeans which influenced both politics and economics on an international scale.

The colonization process also left behind many legacies such as new infrastructure, cities like Lagos were founded when Europe began trading with West-African states in 1471 AD. The legacy left by colonialism still influences African society today; however since decolonization there has been significant progress made towards improving quality of life within African nations – particularly when it comes to healthcare access and education standards.

As a result we can see several notable successes in recent times ranging from improved economies through resource extraction or foreign investment to inspiring political initiatives like Nelson Mandela’s fight against apartheid – all done before when Africa was founded again.

II. Overview of the African Continent

The African continent is a diverse and complex region with origins that span centuries. The earliest evidence of Homo sapiens on the continent dates to around 200,000 years ago. Since then, Africa has experienced significant population growth and diversification across its many nations. Here we will outline some of the most notable aspects of this incredible region:

  • Geography: Africa covers about 11% of Earth’s landmass, encompassing an area nearly three times larger than Europe or twice as large as Canada, United States & Mexico combined! Its physical geography varies from vast desert regions in Northern Africa to grasslands in central parts and tropical rainforests near the equator.
  • Population: As one would expect for such a large geographical area, there is great diversity in terms of people living within it. With over 1 billion inhabitants (as estimated by 2019 estimates), Africa boasts some of the highest populations among world continents per capita.

    When Africa was founded remains uncertain due to lack scientific records; however much evidence indicates human settlement could have begun well before 300 A.D.

< ul >< li >< strong >Economy : Despite challenges posed by climate change , poverty , disease , war , etc . African countries still make up 6 % – 10 % global GDP ; largely driven by natural resources including minerals ( gold diamond ) , hydrocarbons ( oil gas )  agricultural produce like coffee & cotton . Furthermore when Africa was founded international trade flourished particularly through slave trading networks which connected European traders directly with West African states .& nbsp ; This undoubtedly contributed significantly to development though had various harmful consequences too .

III. Prehistoric Settlement and Migration Patterns in Africa

Africa, the second largest continent in the world, is one of human kind’s oldest settlements. Human fossils have been discovered as far back as 2.4 million years ago and archaeological evidence suggests that when Africa was founded people were already engaged in hunting and gathering practices (Stager & Schwartzman, 2016). However, since these early times there has been a great deal of cultural diversity within African settlement patterns across regions.

The Middle Stone Age period (260 – 40 kya) saw an expansion of human migration from East to West throughout North Africa accompanied by technological innovations such as blade-let technology which allowed for better adaptation to arid environments (Hoffmann et al., 2015). This process eventually led Homo sapiens out of Africa into Eurasia between 100 – 50 kya (Bowler et al., 2003), dispersing humans around the globe.

Subsequent prehistory periods saw much movement between North and Sub-Saharan regions with hunter-gatherers forming distinct cultures dependent on their environmental context[1]. During this time farming also developed at different locations independently; firstly occurring in Egypt during 11–5 kya before spreading southward along Nile River Valley followed by sporadic occurrences elsewhere when Africa was founded.[2] One example is parts of Central/West Africa where iron working began 6th century BC continuing until AD 1500.[3]

  1. [1]: Gonzalez et al. 2018.
  2. [2]: Vansina 1990.
  3. < strong > [ 3 ] : Ehret 2002 .

    IV. Ancient Kingdoms in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Trade in Ancient Africa
    The development of ancient kingdoms throughout Sub-Saharan Africa was heavily dependent upon trade. Many societies that traded with one another also developed strong cultural bonds and exchanges, as evidenced by the spread of languages such as Swahili to various parts of East and Southern African countries. During this period when Africa was founded, prominent trading routes emerged connecting communities located on different coasts, including present-day Nigeria and Ghana. These transcontinental links were maintained through a mix of caravan transportations as well as maritime vessels.

    Religion in Ancient Kingdoms

    Religious customs served an important role during the formation of many ancient kingdoms across Sub-Saharan Africa; this includes prominently Islam which originated from North Africa but eventually spread southwards throughout other regions where it became influential on everyday life activities. Other widespread beliefs included indigenous religions based on ancestor worship or animism which are still practiced today when africa was founded in some places like Benin.


    • (1)
    Governmental Structures
    Many ancient kingships relied upon traditional structures for governance while others employed more complex systems that often blended local customs with practices brought over by early settlers . This is most evident in West African countries like Mali , whose governments held considerable sway over their citizens at the time when africa was founded ; these regimes implemented strict rules regarding taxation , military recruitment , labor conscription , and even judicial proceedings . For instance , they introduced widely accepted legal codes providing rights to those under their rule which could not be taken away without due process .

    V. The Role of Trade Routes Across the Sahara Desert

    The Sahara Desert, located in Northern Africa, has played a critical role in trade routes since it was first founded. Trade routes across the desert date back to Ancient Egyptian times and even today they remain an important component of business between African countries. There are three main ways that goods have been transported across the Sahara over time: through camel caravans, by boat or ferry along rivers like The Niger River, and later on via railways.

      Camel Caravans

    Camel caravans were essential for trading when Africa was founded as long-distance transport would not have been possible without them due to the hot climate found within many parts of the continent at that time. Merchants used camels to move their goods from one place to another because these animals could carry heavy loads over long distances despite extreme temperatures and terrain – making them especially ideal for crossing large bodies of sand such as those found within the Sahara Desert.


    WhenAfrica was founded, most merchants relied upon boats traveling down rivers like The Niger River. This type of transportation became increasingly popular during colonial times when European powers established trading posts near major ports and waterways throughout various regions.

    In more recent years trains have become much more common means of transporting goods around North Africa; however this method is limited since only certain areas actually contain railway networks with tracks connecting cities together . Despite this limitation , cargo trains are still commonly used primarily in Algeria , Tunisia , Egypt , Morocco & Libya – which account for roughly 90% off all freight rail traffic in North Africa . Additionally many consider rails to be safer than roads & ferries given they often travel through deserted areas where there’s less chance something will go wrong . Overall railways provide fast efficient access linking people who live far away from each other thus fostering better relationships among different cultures whenAfrica was founded hundreds if not thousands of years ago .

    VI. Colonization and Its Impact on Indigenous Peoples of Africa

    Colonization of Africa by European powers, starting in the late 19th century, had a profound effect on the Indigenous peoples of the continent. Through subjugation and forced assimilation into colonial systems, African cultures were severely impacted. This section will discuss when Africa was founded as a colony by Europeans and how colonization affected its native population.

    • When Africa Was Founded:

    In 1884–1885, Europe’s major states met in Berlin for what became known as the Scramble for Africa. During this conference they divided up African territories among themselves with no regard to pre-existing social structures or traditional claims to land ownership.
    The political divisions resulting from these meetings set up new power dynamics that made it easier for European nations to impose their own ideas about education, religion and government upon Africans who lived there – often through brutal means such as enslavement.
    They also began extracting natural resources without consulting local populations which led to economic disruption when africa was founded. These changes drastically altered societies across regions; particularly those indigenous groups living near newly established borders where interactions with settlers increased significantly.

    • Impact on Indigenous Peoples:

    The impact of colonialism on indigenous tribes throughout Africa has been varied but overwhelmingly negative due primarily due to an increase in violence inflicted against them by colonizers who sought resources or sought cultural dominance over those same people.
    Indigenous communities lost access lands that served as crucial sources of food because Europeans claimed ownership rights over much arable ground during occupation leading famine and displacement amongst natives.
    Also traditional spiritual practices were restricted while Christian missionaries imposed missionary schools onto many villages around when africa was founded increasing indoctrination efforts within rural areas even more so than before (often at gunpoint).

    • Conclusion:

    From 1850 onwards colonialism slowly crept across all parts of sub-Saharan African leaving devastation in its wake – something which still reverberates today long after most countries gained independence from their respective empires decades ago.
    However one positive aspect is that many formerly oppressed nations have managed reclaimed some semblance national identity despite extreme hardship endured generations ago during times when africa was founded under oppressive foreign rule . Though difficult past certainly isn’t forgotten nor should be glossed over given magnitude injustice faced then every day since liberation has seen fight back against institutionalized racism continue closer real equality between races overall society moving forward beyond merely rhetoric world leaders make sure promises kept keep us going right direction into future successful collective humanity

    VII. Conclusion

    In conclusion, when Africa was founded it has experienced immense growth and development. It is a vibrant continent that plays an important role in the world economy as well as providing resources to support sustainable development around the globe. The African Union is also one of the most influential regional organizations on Earth and continues to play a vital role in promoting peace, security, democracy and economic development.

    When Africa was founded several decades ago its progress towards these goals have been limited by political instability or armed conflicts but recently there has been much progress made in this regard through initiatives such as NEPAD which promote better governance systems across the region. In addition increasing levels of foreign direct investment into countries throughout sub-Saharan Africa are driving up levels of economic growth and helping reduce poverty.

    • When Africa was founded, it had numerous challenges to overcome in order for its people to live secure lives with access to education, health care services & basic needs.

    • When Africa was founded, infrastructure improvements were necessary for mobility within many parts of the continent due not only poor roads but also lack of access points from landlocked areas like Chad or Mali.

    • When Africa was founded, environmental protection did not factor heavily into decision making yet today protected lands now make up almost 10% (1/10th) area covering some 2 million square kilometers (twice that size if including ocean).

    This article has provided a comprehensive overview of the founding and early history of Africa. Through an examination of key historic figures, locations, events, and theories about this important region’s beginnings, readers can gain insight into the complex origins that have shaped Africa as we know it today. The research presented here serves to not only inform but also inspire further exploration in order to better understand both Africa’s past and its potential future. It is clear that there is much more to uncover when tracing the African narrative through time – may scholars continue their work on this expansive subject for many years ahead!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Latest from Blog


At Minute Africa, our mission is to be a hub for timely stories and content related to everything happening in Africa today. We cover news ranging from nature conservation efforts, cultural diversity, human rights issues, political developments as well as entertainment stories, plus lifestyle trends within the many different nations that make up this giant continent. 


Copyright 2023. All rights reserved.
Designed by Minute Africa